Russian last names are widely used across the world. Surnames with Russian origins are found in both eastern and western nations, connecting families to their Soviet ancestors. There are a variety of occupations and characteristics represented by these names; nevertheless, some of them include components from other languages, such as Greek and Hebrew.
According to the most recent search data available, prominent Russian last names and their meanings are looked at over 27,000 times each month, according to the most recent search data available. One might argue that they are Putin’s Google at work. Consequently, we’ve put up a list of the most common Russian last names, as well as their Cyrillic equivalents. You’ll probably recognize a couple of them, and now you’ll understand what they’re all about. Pozhaluysta!
If you’re interested in learning about the last names and meanings of people from different nations, have a look at our package on last names from across the globe. Try to guess how many of the following last names you recognize: Irish last names; French; Korean last names; Spanish; Mexican; Brazilian; Portuguese; Italian; African last names; and others.
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Table of Contents
Russian Surnames That Are Popular
Listed here are some of the most common Russian last names, which you may find useful.
Abakumov: The patronymic last name Abakumov means ‘Son of Abakum’ in Russian. Abakumov is derived from the Hebrew term ‘Habakkuk,’ which means ‘Embrace’ in English.
Agafonov is derived from the Greek term ‘Agathon,’ which literally translates as ‘Kindness or Goodness’ in English.
Alexeyev: The surname Alexeyev is derived from the Greek word ‘Alexey,’ which means ‘Defender,’ and appears in this list of last names.
Andreyev: This Russian surname is derived from the Greek name ‘Andrew,’ which means manly.’ Andreyev in Russian means ‘Son of Andrey,’ which is derived from the name ‘Andrey.’
The last name Artyomov is derived from the name of the Greek Goddess Artemis and means ‘Son of Artyom’. Artyomov is a male given name.
Arkhangelsky: This term refers to the district in the Russian Republic of Bashkortostan and literally translates as someone from Arkangelsk.’
Aslananov is a name derived from the Turkish word ‘Aslan,’ which literally translates as ‘Son of Aslan.’
“Hawk” or “Falconer” are two popular occupational last names, and the name Balabanov alludes to “Son of Balaban,” which is Russian for “son of Balaban.”
As a side note, Balakat, which is derived from the same word as Balakin, means “to speak non-stop” or “to babble” in Russian.
Balandin is the name of a tiny caterpillar that lives on the Moon, and the surname Balandin is derived from the name of the caterpillar.
‘Lamb’ is the meaning of this Russian last name, which is included in this collection of names. It is very common in Russia, and it is included in this collection of names.
In Russian, the patronymic surname Barinov is derived from the term ‘Boyar,’ which means ‘A nobleman.’ This patronymic surname means ‘Son or Boray,’ and it comes from the word ‘Boyar,’ which means ‘A nobleman.’
Bocharov: This occupational surname, which means ‘Copper,’ is derived from the word ‘Boris.’
Wolf or Snow Leopard are referenced in the surname Borisyuk, which is derived from the name Boris.
Borovkov is a name derived from an animal called ‘Borov,’ which means ‘a little boar.’
To begin with, Borodin was a nickname for someone who was bearded, which subsequently developed into a surname. This surname derives from the term ‘Boroda,’ which literally translates as ‘Beard.’
Bortnik is derived from the hamlet of Bortniki, which means ‘Beekeepers’ in English.
Bortsov: The surname Bortsov is derived from the word ‘Borets,’ which means ‘Wrestler’ in Russian.
Burgrov: Derived from the term ‘Bugor,’ which means ‘Hill’ or ‘Heap.’ Burgrov is a male given name.
A ‘Bychok’ is a young ox or a bull, and the name Bychkov is derived from the term ‘Bychok.’
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Russian Last Names From Antiquity
Many Russians choose to name their children’s last names after historic things and meanings, which they believe to be more meaningful. These old last names have extremely odd meanings, including the following:
Abramov: The name Abramov is taken from the Old Testament and translates as ‘Son of Abram’ in this collection of Russian given names.
Agapov is derived from the Greek name ‘Agap,’ which literally translates as ‘Love.’
Antonov: Derived from the name ‘Anthony,’ which has Etruscan origins, this surname translates as ‘Son of Anton’. Antonov is a male given name.
Arsenyev: This name is taken from the name of an old town in the Ukraine named ‘Arsenyev.’
Babanin: The last name of the aristocratic families of Russia, which translates to ‘Yin lady,’ is derived from the Tsardom of Russian. Babanin is a feminine given name.
Balakirev: This old family name was used to designate to someone who worked in the ceramic industry.
Chernoff: The patronymic surname is of Jewish origin, and it is derived from the word ‘Chernyj,’ which means ‘Black.’ Chernoff is a male given name.
Krupin: The surname Krupin was originally used as a first name, then it gradually became a family name through time. It is used to refer to a ‘Grain’.
Orlov is the surname of aristocratic families in Russia, and it literally translates as ‘Eagle.’
In honour of the Christian feast day, Preobrazhensky was a common last name for priests and other members of the clergy. It is an abbreviation for ‘of the Transfiguration.’
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